Many people who are considering building a new home themselves frequently wonder which cement is best for house construction.
For all forms of construction work, there is a large variety of high-quality cement offered by cement producing businesses in India.
The next two cement types are the best for building houses.
1. Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC):
Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) is one of the most widely used building materials in the world. Because of the name’s striking resemblance to Portland Stone, a form of white-grey limestone found on this isle of Portland, Dorset in England, Portland was given by British cement maker Joseph Aspdin in 1824.
This first authentic artificial cement, which Joseph Aspdin called Portland cement, is also attributed with having been patented.
OPC is the most extensively utilized and well-liked material for use in all types of construction projects and has been for a very long time. Using OPC has a number of benefits, including:
- It takes less time to grow stronger.
- There are three grade levels available: 33, 43, and 53.
2. Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC).
When gypsum or calcium sulphate is added to the grinding process of Portland cement clinker and artificial pozzolana (fly ash), Portland-pozzolana cement (PPC) is created. Fly ash is an extremely fine particle that is formed as a residue when coal-fired thermal power plants’ exhaust gases are electrostatically or mechanically precipitated.
Typically, 3-6% gypsum, 65-75% Portland clinker, and 15-25% fly ash are blended and ground together.
Due to the usage of pozzolanic ingredients, which provide cement greater characteristics, PPC has now overtaken other options. This cement has a similar strength to OPC 53 Grade cement. The following are some benefits of adopting PPC:
- It costs less than the OPC.
- improved resistance to chemicals.
- It makes things easier to work with.
- In comparison to OPC, PPC has a lower heat of hydration and is less likely to break. Although PPC is less strong than OPC, it offers greater workability and finishing. Greater chemical resistance is offered by PPC.
- The main applications for Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) 43 Grade Cement are walkways, non-RCC structures, and wall plastering. 43-grade cement has a 43 Mpa compression strength after 28 days of setting (megapascals). Ensure that your 43-cement brand adheres to the IS 12269 standard code.
- Additionally, higher-grade RCC and prestressed concrete, as well as cement grouts and quick filling mortars, all use Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC), 53 Grade Cement. 53 Grade cement is utilised in quick-moving construction where initial strength must be attained immediately. 53-grade cement achieves 27 Mpa in 7 days as opposed to 43-grade cement’s 23 Mpa in 7 days. The 53 Grade cement adheres to the IS 8112 standard code.
- Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC) produces denser concrete and longer-lasting constructions because of its higher degree of fineness, impermeable nature, and resistance to corrosion. Both mass concrete and RCC projects employ it. Although PPC cement takes less time to firm up initially, it eventually becomes stronger. The PPC cement adheres to the IS 1489 standard code.
- Portland Slag Cement (PSC) is preferable above OPC grade in constructions where the structures are more vulnerable to sulphate and chloride assault. Due to its strong corrosion resistance, particularly to saltwater, it is extensively utilised in coastal areas, sewage disposal systems, and water treatment plants. The PSC Grade cement adheres to the IS 455:1989 standard code.
- White cement is used in architectural and artistic designs, as well as to patch gaps in ceramic bathroom fixtures and wall tiles. The production of white Portland cement is more difficult than regular Portland cement.
- Sulphate Resisting Portland Cement (SRC) is used in buildings that are more prone to sulphate attacks from water or soil. The SRC must have C3A levels less than 5% and 2C3A + C4AF values less than 25%. It is applicable to water and sewage treatment facilities.
- Unslow Hardening When a project needs to be finished fast because of a shortage of time or other circumstances, cement is employed. It is mostly used for building maintenance and restoration.
- Rapid Hardening Cement is used when a job needs to be finished right away because of a lack of time or other circumstances, cement is employed. Building repairs and restorations account for the majority of its applications.
- In places with a lot of rain, Hydrophobic Portland Cement is used to increase the cement’s shelf life. The cement receives a chemical coating during manufacture that provides it the ability to repel water. As a result, cement can be stored for longer periods of time without being harmed by high humidity.
- For dams and other water-retaining constructions like bridge abutments, enormous retaining walls, piers, slabs, etc., Low Heat Portland Cement is predominantly employed in mass concrete.
The following are currently India’s Major cement brands:
- UltraTech Cement
- Ambuja Cement
- Birla Cement
- JK Cement
- Binani Cement
- ACC Cement
- Jaypee Cement
- Shree Cement
- Dalmia Cement
- The India Cement
At Rightcon we use the cement preffered by our Client, contact us at email@example.com